By Robert Mayhew
The Problemata physica is the 3rd longest paintings within the corpus Aristotelicum, yet one of the least studied. It involves 38 books, over 900 chapters, overlaying an enormous diversity of topics, together with drugs and song, intercourse and salt water, fatigue and fruit, animals and astronomy, moderation and malodorous issues, wind and wine, bruises and barley, voice and advantage. Aristotelian Problemata Physica: Philosophical and clinical Investigations contains 21 essays by means of students of historical Greek philosophy and technology. those essays make clear this mysterious paintings, delivering insights into the character of philosophical and clinical inquiry within the Lyceum in the course of Aristotle’s existence and particularly within the years following his loss of life.
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Additional resources for The Aristotelian 'Problemata Physica': Philosophical and Scientific Investigations
20 I follow the text of Delattre (2007, column 150, lines 29–39), which for Democritus’ αἰτία reads μὴ ἀπ’ ἐκείνου τἀναγκαῖον, ἀλλὰ ἐκ τοῦ περιεῦντος ἤδη γενέσθαι—whereas DielsKranz B144, following Kemke, had in the first clause μὴ ἀποκρῖναι τἀναγκαῖον (and thus an apparent reference to Anaxagoras)—except that, following a correction proposed by Hammerstaedt (1998), I read τἀναγκαίου instead of τἀναγκαῖον. For a detailed explanation and justification for reading ἀπ̓ ἐκείνου rather than ἀποκρῖναι, see Delattre and Morel (1998).
39 and 45 on why the south wind begins weak and ends strong while the north wind begins strong and ends weak; the On the Flooding of the Nile on why other rivers are greater in winter and lesser in summer but the Nile is greater in summer and lesser in winter. g. 53–54, 38 In citing from the Problemata over the next few pages, I often follow Robert Mayhew’s translation (Mayhew 2011a and 2011b). 39 While the standard chapter-division of the Problemata in modern editions (which I accept for convenience) is intended as a division into problems, and while this division is usually reasonable, it seems to me that Pr.
E. 1); and what Gellius cites from it is what is transmitted as our Pr. ), which shows that the same πρόβλημα-texts could be incorporated into different collections. The great bulk of the πρόβλημα-literature seems to go into our Φυσικὰ προβλήματα, but some people took some of the texts out and put them in other collections. Indeed, our transmitted Φυσικὰ προβλήματα contain many things which are not strictly physical, and which someone might well want to classify separately—most glaringly, Pr. 27–30, going through the canonical moral and intellectual virtues (and their contraries) in sequence, which might be the ἐγκύκλια προβλήματα (since it includes Gellius’ citation), if that was in Laertius, but only of the title that he transmits.