By Yingxue Zhao, Xiaoge Meng, Shouyang Wang, T. C. Edwin Cheng
This e-book is dedicated to research and layout of provide chain contracts with stochastic call for. Given the broad usage of contracts in offer chains, the problems relating agreement research and layout are vitally important for offer chain administration (SCM), and vast learn has been constructed to deal with these concerns during the last years. regardless of the abundance of classical examine, new examine has to be carried out in line with new concerns rising with the new altering company environments, corresponding to the fast-shortening lifestyles cycle of product and the expanding globalization of provide chains. This booklet addresses those concerns, so that it will current new examine on find out how to follow contracts to enhance SCM.
Contract research and layout for offer Chains with Stochastic Demand comprises 8 chapters and every bankruptcy is summarized as follows: bankruptcy 1 offers a complete overview of the classical improvement of offer chain contracts. bankruptcy 2 examines the consequences of call for uncertainty at the applicability of buyback contracts. bankruptcy three conducts a mean-risk research for wholesale expense contracts, bearing in mind contracting price threat and probability personal tastes. bankruptcy four reports the optimization of product provider process by way of franchise price contracts within the service-oriented production offer chain with call for details asymmetry. bankruptcy five develops a bidirectional choice agreement version and explores the optimum contracting judgements and provide chain coordination factor with the bidirectional choice. bankruptcy 6 addresses provide chain strategies pricing factor and a value-based pricing scheme is constructed for the provision chain recommendations. With a cooperative video game conception strategy, bankruptcy 7 explores the problems referring to provide chain agreement selection/implementation with the choice agreement into account. bankruptcy eight concludes the e-book and indicates important instructions for destiny research.
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Additional resources for Contract Analysis and Design for Supply Chains with Stochastic Demand
This result reveals that double marginalization effect is alleviated to some extent when the uncertainty in demand is relatively high. An explanation for this result is as follows: when the DUL is relatively low, the supplier’s and the retailer’s decisions will not be affected at equilibrium and they still make the decisions as in the deterministic demand case. However, with the DUL increasing to a certain degree, the decision robustness is destroyed and equilibrium will change. Due to that stockout cost increases with the relatively high DUL, and for hedging against the increased stockout cost, it is beneficial for the supplier to decrease the wholesale price and for the retailer to increase the ordering quantity in response, which in turn leads to an alleviation of the double marginalization effect in the channel.
1 H2 . 0; 1/ and m. 2), is the retailer’s profit at equilibrium in the deterministic case of D 0, and p p H2 . / D . ˛ 1 p ˛c/2 C 3˛. 3 graphically illustrates how the expected profits of the supplier and the retailer at equilibrium are affected by the DUL. , 0 Ä < 1 ). 5 Equilibrium with Buyback Rs 29 D3 Rr E4 F4 Rs A3 D4 B3 Rr 0 A4 B4 0 1 (1) Fig. 3 Effects of 1 2 (2) on equilibrium expected profits with wholesale price-only contract double marginalization effect in the supply chain. 2(i) that, as compared with the case of 0 Ä < 1 , the effect of double marginalization is reduced in the case of 1 < < , and therefore the supply chain efficiency increases from which both the supplier and the retailer benefit.
Mendelson and Tunca (2007) considered a two-echelon supply chain where a single supplier sells an intermediate good to multiple retailers. In their model, procurement takes place through a combination of bilateral fixed-price contracts and open market trading among all the supply chain participants. They studied how the strategic behaviors of the supply chain members in the spot market affect the fixed-price contract, the supply chain efficiency, etc. Martinez-de-Albeniz and Simchi-Levi (2005) considered a multiperiod supply chain environment where procurement takes place depending on the long-term contracts, option contracts, and the spot market.