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Balkan Sprachbund Morpho-Syntactic Features (Studies in by Olga M. Tomic

By Olga M. Tomic

This e-book discusses the morpho-syntactic Balkan Sprachbund positive factors in 9 languages within which they're such a lot quite a few. It encompasses a wealth of Balkan linguistic fabric. the point of interest is on exhibiting similarities and transformations within the illustration of the main commonly stated Balkan Sprachbund morpho-syntactic beneficial properties and their interplay with different beneficial properties within the constitution of the DP or the sentence of person languages.

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Additional info for Balkan Sprachbund Morpho-Syntactic Features (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory)

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4 Discussing the syntactic expression of futurity, Solta (1980) points out that five types of constructions are used on the Balkans: (a) forms of the “will” auxiliary + infinitive; (b) forms of the “will” auxiliary + tensed verb forms; (c) forms of the “will” auxiliary + subjunctive construction introduced by a subjunctive marker; (d) forms of the “have” auxiliary + infinitives introduced by an infinitive marker; and (e) forms of the “have” auxiliary + subjunctive constructions introduced by a subjunctive marker.

1 Lyle Campbell, in the chapter devoted to languages in contact in his introductory book on historical linguistics (Campbell 1998), singles out six morphosyntactic “salient traits” of the Balkan linguistic area: (a) syncretism of Dative and Genitive; (b) postposed articles; (c) periphrastic future (signalled by “want” or “have” auxiliaries); (d) periphrastic 29 Lindstedt (2000a) uses “Balkan Romani” as an areal term comprising both Balkan Romani dialects proper and those Vlax Romani dialects that are spoken in the Balkan area.

2 Apart from discussing the origin of balkanisms,51 Balkanists have mainly been concerned with compiling lists of similarities and making parallels between the lexical and grammatical forms of the Balkan languages,52 thus perpetuating a picture of uniformity. Such a picture is misleading. The Balkan languages differ rather dramatically in the extent to which they show the presence of a given feature and the divergences concerning the presence of a feature deserves as much emphasis as the general convergence or any of the specific convergences.

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