By Carolyn Merchant
Self sufficient Nature investigates the heritage of nature as an energetic, frequently unruly strength in stress with nature as a rational, logical order from precedent days to the clinical Revolution of the 17th century. besides next advances in mechanics, hydrodynamics, thermodynamics, and electromagnetism, nature got here to be perceived as an orderly, rational, actual international which may be engineered, managed, and controlled. self reliant Nature makes a speciality of the heritage of unpredictability, why it used to be an issue for the traditional international in the course of the medical Revolution, and why it's a challenge for this present day. The paintings is decided within the context of vignettes approximately unpredictable occasions akin to the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, the Bubonic Plague, the Lisbon Earthquake, and efforts to appreciate and expect the elements and traditional mess ups. This e-book is a perfect textual content for classes at the setting, environmental heritage, heritage of technological know-how, or the philosophy of technology.
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Extra info for Autonomous Nature: Problems of Prediction and Control From Ancient Times to the Scientific Revolution
James B. Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis, and Douglas Devon Heath, 14 vols. (London: Longmans Green, 1868–1901), Bk. 2, Ch. 298. 500. 16 Bacon, Novum Organum (1620) in Works, op. 4, Bk. 95 (Latin, vol. I, Bk. 29 (Latin, vol. 775–776 (Latin, vol. 651–652). 17 Marcus Fabius Calvus van Ravenna was an author and translator of the works of Hippocrates. He first translated the Hippocratic Corpus into Latin in Rome, 1525. See Ira M. 23. .
What early ideas on the formation of the created world existed and how and when did the problem of nature as unruly and rebellious arise? The ideas of nature and law emerged early in Western history. The terms Phusis (Physis), nature, and Nomos, law, presented a dichotomy containing embedded gendered meanings with women often being associated with physis (feminine) and men with nomos (masculine). 4 Two fundamental contradictions identified by early Greek thinkers laid the foundations for nature as both unchanging and changing, predictable and unpredictable, ordered and chaotic.
Lucretius, however, titled his book De Rerum Natura (rather than simply De Natura) to explain both atomic reality and the phenomenal world. The book was recovered in Renaissance Florence in the early fifteenth century and was influential thereafter. Change occurred, not only by random motions, but also by the actions of the creatrix (creatress), Natura. Lucretius dealt with fundamental topics such as Being and Not-Being, matter and void, infinity and finitude, time and space, mind and spirit, mortality and immortality.