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Aristotle's thought of ethical perception
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Extra info for Aristotle's Theory of Moral Insight
For other, to my mind unnecessarily complicated, suggestions see Gauthier's note ad loc. 2 If we understand the relation of comprehensive justice and moral virtue in general in this way, we can immediately understand the point Aristotle goes on directly t o make. Rule will show the man, he says; for the ruler is right from the start concerned with others and with the community. e. has general virtue or the state of mind that covers both aspects of goodness, or n o t ; for if he proves virtuous in relation to others, he will necessarily be so in relation to himself t o o .
They are prodigality (asotia) and meanness (aneleutheriotes). 29, 1 1 2 1 a l 2 - 1 5 ) . 44, 1 1 2 2 a l 3 - 1 6 ) , for a number of reasons. 32, 1121a29-30, cf. 44, 1 1 2 2 a l 4 - 1 5 ) . We may set out the various types of people in the area on a single scale. At one end of the scale we have a person (the mean one) who is a lover of material goods (philochrematos) and tries to get as many such goods as is possible for himself. He does not benefit others — in fact he does n o t even benefit himself.
2 justice (i. 12-20) and try to resolve a certain difficulty for my thesis concerning Aristotelian moral virtue in general that seems raised by that passage. 1-6) and attempt to resolve another difficulty that seems created by that passage. The over-all aim is to work o u t the exact relationship to each other of Aristotelian moral virtue in general, of 'comprehensive' justice, and of 'particular'justice. 2. 12, 1 1 2 9 b l 2 ) . Now laws (a) speak of everything (i. 13, b l 4 - 1 5 ) and (b) aim at the common good (to koinei sympheron, for all or the best or those in power or something similar, b l 5 - 1 6 ) , hence on this conception of justice 6 things are just which 'produce or preserve eudaimonia and its parts for the c o m m u n i t y ' (he politike koinonia, M 7 - 1 9 ) .