By Jean De Groot
De Groot identifies the resource of early mechanical wisdom in kinesthetic know-how of mechanical virtue, displaying the relation of Aristotle’s empiricism to extra historical adventure. The ebook sheds mild at the classical Greek knowing of imitation and equipment, because it questions either the declare that Aristotle’s typical philosophy codifies reviews held through conference and the view that the cogency of his medical rules will depend on metaphysics.
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Extra resources for Aristotle's empiricism : experience and mechanics in the fourth century BC
Power is replaced by force, the rigidity of bodies, and motion as causes. 33 Indeed, it has become clear that early modern developments in mechanics were fed by rediscovery of the ancient accounts of simple machines. 34 I shall not belabor the point that, considered both historically and philosophically, principles from mechanics may plausibly foster either a powers model of nature or a matter-in-motion model. What we shall see, however, is that a powers model is closely linked to the practical side of mechanics, because power was first intelligible as a natural source of the effects that emerge in machine arrangements.
18 For instance, Aristotle says that quantity does not admit of more and less. What has quantity is always a definite quantity. , are relations, instead (Categories 6, 5b11–16). The category of relation is usually treated tangentially in studies of substance and attribute in Aristotle. ) A book-length account in English is Hood, Category of Relation. See her Preface and Chapter 1 for some reasons for the lack of interest in the category of relation. For an extended commentary on Categories 7, see Oehler, Kategorien, 292–313.
Taking the principle as instructive, he applies it beyond the mechanics of exerted forces, weights, and locomotion to other natural situations in which the effect exceeds its cause in magnitude and diversity of type. The question might be raised, though, whether the lever does unveil power or whether it simply, by arrangement, brings about a momentary concentration of force, what is called mechanical advantage, something easily dissipated by breaking up the arrangement and hence not itself real.