By Klaus Bange, Wilfried Heimerl, Dieter Krause (auth.), Dr. Hans Bach, Prof. Dr. Dieter Krause (eds.)
This booklet is considered one of a sequence reporting on overseas examine and improvement actions performed by way of the Schott team businesses. With the sequence Schott goals to supply an outline of its actions for scientists, engineers, and executives from all branches of around the globe the place glass and glass ceramics are of curiosity. every one quantity starts with a bankruptcy supplying a basic inspiration of the present difficulties, effects, and developments on the subject of the topic treated.
This quantity lays the principles for
- supervision of construction approaches, together with uncooked fabrics, evaporation from the soften, exhaust gases, and environmental concerns;
- troubleshooting in case of glass defects together with learn for the layout of flawless (in the ppm diversity) or not less than high-yield processes;
- realizing the foundation of purchaser lawsuits as a result of unfulfilled expectancies touching on fabric houses or product behaviour.
The publication is conceived as a monograph. the person chapters, notwithstanding, are written via best Schott specialists at the corresponding matters. Many figures, tables, and examples are selected to introduce the reader to thin-film technological know-how and technology.
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Additional info for Analysis of the Composition and Structure of Glass and Glass Ceramics
L. R. Lachance, F. D. Scott, G. B. Reed: Quantitative Electron Probe Microanalysis, 2nd ed. 36 N. Neuroth: "Transmission and refiection", in The Properlies of Optical Glass, Schott Series on Glass and Glass Ceramics, ed. by H. Bach, N. Neuroth, 2nd ed. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1998) pp. 37 A. Raith, J. C. Hutton: "Quantitation methods using laser ablation ICP-MS, Part 2: Evaluation of new glass standards", Fresenius' J. Anal. Chem. 38 R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucei, S. L. van der Steen, M.
G. light microscope) Detection EPMA 100 % 10 % 1% c 0. lm Size of defect 1 mm 10mm Fig. 6. Problem-oriented selection of analytical methods up to 50 bubbles have to be analysed in one day. A non-destructive analysis method is Raman spectroscopy. It is not used for routine investigations because the measurements are very time-consuming (Sect. 1). The strategy of troubleshooting activities depends on the type of defect. The occurrence of glass defects during production directly results in economic loss.
FeH and FeH) down to the ppm range (impurities) ; • on-line analytical determination. In order to meet the above requirements new methods have been developed or are currently und er development. One is laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (laser ICP-MS); another is laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). 37]. A high-energy laser beam in the ultraviolet range is focused on the sample, and sample material is ablated from the surface. The evaporated material as weIl as very small particles are introduced into a plasma with the help of an argon gas flow.