By Department of Economic and Social Affairs
HIV and AIDS take a profound toll on households. while a loved one turns into ailing or dies, everybody within the kinfolk suffers. In 2001, the United international locations basic meeting targeted consultation on HIV/AIDS famous the $64000 function performed via the kin in prevention, care and aid. This booklet addresses the problems and demanding situations of HIV/AIDS from a kinfolk point of view, utilizing details and knowledge from sub-Saharan Africa.
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Extra resources for AIDS and the Family: Policy Options for a Crisis in Family Capital
The death of a mother has an immediate effect on the caring functions within a family and, depending on her economic participation, may also have an impact on food security. Surviving children are affected in different ways depending on their age and sex. To facilitate analysis within this context, caretaking arrangements should be classified according to whether the child or children live with and are cared for by both parents, the mother only, the father only, or neither parent. ' The development of locally relevant family policy options in response to the HIVIAIDS epidemic requires current data or reasonable estimates and projections relating to family households broken down in terms of precisely defined childcare arrangements.
Families affected by HIVIAIDS now constitute the fastest-growing group of vulnerable families. The strength and structural integrity of families affected by the disease are being further compromised-and their level of vulnerability therefore compounded-by other risks. Certain characteristics of vulnerability put family members at risk of acquiring HIV, and others are thought likely to accelerate the course of the disease. It is well established that the risk of HIV infection increases in the presence of STDs, and that maln~trition~~ and concurrent infectious diseases, in particular tuberculosis and malaria, contribute to the more rapid progression of the disease.
In spite of this fact-but consistent with the "individual behaviour" emphasis of the traditional response to the epidemic-there appears to be little research specifically addressing the family network and AIDS in individual countries or cultures, and even less relating to how family networks in different settings have succeeded or failed in addressing the care and support needs of member families affected by HIVIAIDS. One problem is the absence of the operational definitions and comparable methodology required to measure, observe and assess the response of such networks to the epidemic.