Home Linguistics • A Short Grammar of Tetun Dili (Languages of the World by Catharina Williams-van Klinken, John Hajek, Rachel

A Short Grammar of Tetun Dili (Languages of the World by Catharina Williams-van Klinken, John Hajek, Rachel

By Catharina Williams-van Klinken, John Hajek, Rachel Nordlinger

Booklet is written for English audio system studying the grammar and different language utilization ideas of Tetun Dili, one of many different types of Tetun, the nationwide language of East Timor.

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Diachrony, genres, dialects, sociolects). 48 In my view, CA provides a theoretical framework and specific heuristic tools, which are not only adequate for the study of LFs of AH, but which can also supply the right key to a reliable understanding of the problematic nature of Hebrew vocabulary. CA can in fact successfully deal with (a) the diverse strata of the diachronic evolution of Hebrew, (b) its different Gattungen, and (c) the possible presence of standard vs. g. the presence of sociolects).

Without the aid of native speakers. b) To provide the most objective data—namely, results that are independent of any kind of ideological or theological preconception or assumption. In the case of dead languages and/or sacred texts, prejudices can indeed constitute a serious intellectual and methodological risk which one should constantly seek to avoid. c) To provide a clear and objective way to identify, collect, and analyse both syntagmatic and paradigmatic data determining the semantic values of the analysed lexemes.

The presence of an oppositional sense-relation is indeed a necessary requisite to infer the distinctive semes determining the meanings of the lexemes. In this preliminary phase, the intuition of the linguist plays a key role, but this should be complemented by the consultation of the most authoritative lexica and thesauruses. As far as the LF of ‘gift’ is concerned, the preliminary group consisted of five lexemes, namely ‫ ַמ ָתּן‬, ‫ ַמ ָתּנָ ה‬, ‫ ַמ ָתּת‬, ‫ ַשׁי‬, and ‫ ִמנְ ָחה‬. The preliminary set of lexemes is supposed to be provisional, and it does not necessarily correspond to the final results of the analysis: some lexemes can in fact be excluded during the work, whereas new members can always be introduced in fieri, if the network of paradigmatic oppositions between the already identified lexemes allows for it.

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