By Sugata Bose
On December 26, 2004, titanic tsunami waves destroyed groups round the Indian Ocean, from Indonesia to Kenya. past the terrible dying toll, this wall of water introduced a telling reminder of the interconnectedness of the numerous nations at the ocean rim, and the insignificance of nationwide obstacles. 100 Horizons takes us to those seashores, in a super reinterpretation of the way tradition built and heritage was once made on the top of the British raj. among 1850 and 1950, the Indian Ocean teemed with humans, commodities, and ideas: pilgrims and armies, trade and exertions, the politics of Mahatma Gandhi and the poetry of Rabindranath Tagore have been all associated in amazing methods. Sugata Bose unearths in those difficult social and financial webs proof of the interdependence of the peoples of the lands past the horizon, from the center East to East Africa to Southeast Asia. In following this narrative, we find that our traditional methods of taking a look at history--through the lens of nationalism or globalization--are now not enough. The nationwide excellent didn't easily collapse to inevitable globalization within the past due 20th century, as is usually intended; Bose unearths in its place the important significance of an intermediate historic house, the place interregional geographic entities just like the Indian Ocean rim foster nationalist identities and ambitions but concurrently facilitate interplay between groups. 100 Horizons merges data and fantasy, background and poetry, in a striking reconstruction of ways a region's tradition, economic system, politics, and mind's eye are woven jointly in time and position. (20060721)
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Additional info for A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire
5 Unable to get his way on the deﬁnition of sovereignty and the corresponding protocol, Curzon abandoned plans of disembarking at the Iranian port. Curzon’s voyage to the Gulf marks the high point of a sea change in sovereignty during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that distinguished the nature of the British colonial empire from its precolonial variants. 6 This amnesia has two aspects: ﬁrst, the exclusion of most historical models of empire in a celebration of an imagined genealogy leading from Rome through Britain to the United States; and second, the erasure of the subjecthood of the colonized and with it the degradation of colonial rule.
There were to be no citizens. In the colonial discourse the princes and chiefs of the Indian Ocean arena certainly stood for “order” and with the aid of a Curzonian ﬂourish, if not ﬂight of fancy, for “freedom” as well. ”17 The stigma of piracy has provoked heated historical and political debate without always shedding much new light on its meaning and substance. J. G. Lorimer, in his narrative on the 43 a hundred horizons suppression of piracy, played his part in the early twentieth century in afﬁxing the label “the pirate coast” to the shores of the Arabian Gulf from the Qatar peninsula to Oman.
Premodern and early modern historians of the Indian Ocean have shown that Islam signiﬁed both integration and cosmopolitanism in that wide realm. I seek to reappraise the experiences of Muslim encounters with European colonialism 31 a hundred horizons in the Indian Ocean arena, long objectiﬁed by a weighty Orientalist tradition that has come under serious challenge but has not yet been laid to rest. A comparative approach regarding the strengths and weaknesses, bonds and ﬁssures, of Islam as an ideology of anticolonial resistance in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is an eminently worthwhile exercise.