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A grammatical sketch of Dahalo by Tosco, Mauro

By Tosco, Mauro

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Under this heading fall the idiosyncracies of rhe plural. 1. et, Elderkin and Nurse (1989: 41)) as an instanceof a non-assimilatng / d' /srem. \ve did not record this item. ) of this velb. Idiosyncraciesof the person affixes Idiosyncracies of the person affixes have been found for 3P of Non-Past and (;cneral Past paradigms of Imperfective verbs, and fo. lS Ceneral Past and 25 lrnDentive of Perfective verbs. 1. s of the verb I9l: "to s/alk( are used instead: n d t s t s i ',he goes, walks; they go, walk".

The ronesare shifted back by TR 3. PosiriveIussive(F1l2) 'l he endings are the same as the pas! Subjunctive (D) above, but the tonal is different. rltcrn'l'he tonal patternsare the same as in D and E. i say-H1-S+LOC cloth+that keep-F2-3M+me-BEN "tell him to keep the (piece o0 cloth fo. Negativelussive (G1,/2) The endings and the tonal patterns are the same as the Iussive Positive (F) above, but with ffnal /o/ (thus paralleling the difference between paradigrns D and E) Imperfective (c1) 15 25 X'VCo XVXC'VXt O 3M x'vcco 3F 1P 2P 3P XVxC'Vxt o XVxC'Vxno XVxC'Vxt e e no XVCommo 15 25 xvco XVxCVxt q 3M xvcco 3F lP 2P XVxCVxt o XVxCVxn o XVxC-Vxt iho XVCinq tuoo lubLito lubbo lubrito lubrno lubriteeno lribommo Perfective (G2) 3P libo | 'ibut o Itibbo I dbutd lLibuno lubit ino I u bi n o The lussive Nega[ivenegatesboth paradigmsF and H (lmperative)l 14) ?

O t e e n e + v 6 + ? i + k l o l you-P joumey go-Dl-2p+pAST+by+rltar 'when you (P) had ser our on a ioumiv Pamdigm D is used both in positive and, with rhe selecror Llg: --,. rhar ,,evenif (her) husband had not se! 5. Habirual pasr(E1l2) The presence of rhe Habitual seleclor 1LL entails, only in the past rense, a paradigm. characrerized by {ol vowellinS, rones and endjngs being olherwise rhe same ot Urose ot the Past Subjuncdve (D) above. lo a few rire casei the setector ,s absent. q"l,9Jn (one specrrleO,rrjtjat H by TR 2).

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