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A Grammar of Mavea: An Oceanic Langugage of Vanuatu by Valérie Guérin

By Valérie Guérin

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3 Evidence against prenasalized stops In the lexicon, there are just two lexemes which start with what seems to be a prenaszalized stop in onset position. ’ The combinations [nt] and [nd] contrast in onset position with [t] and [d]. ’ ∼ didi ‘entangled’ 22 2 Phonology Based on these limited data, it is difficult to determine whether the sequences [nt] and [nd] are prenasalized stops or clusters. However, the latter hypothesis seems closer to the truth. The first evidence against prenasalized stops comes from the fact that when the words in (23) are pronounced in isolation, the nasal is syllabic.

13 are all morpheme internal. The combinations of vowels at morpheme boundaries were not included. 13 reads as follows: the left column lists the first vowel in the series. The top row gives the second vowel. The numbers indicate the number of instances in which the combination was found in a subset of the data. As the table shows, there cannot be two consecutive identical vowels in monomorphemic forms. 14. 14 Underlying representation of three consecutive vowels aio ioa aoa aia 1 2 1 2 iai 1 aiu 1 iao 1 There are few instances of three consecutive vowels found morpheme internally.

EXCL-roast LOC Santo LOC Ista aite. ’ The closed class of calendar names straddles the proper and common noun classes. Like common nouns, they can take an article, such as aite ‘one’ in (113). They can appear after the locative/goal marker na (also shown in [113]), whereas common nouns that do not point to a location cannot appear in this slot. ’’ The closed class of Ma˝vea vocatives comprises the terms so(ko) ‘friend,’ a term of address to a younger person, madoudua ‘old woman,’ tata ‘mum,’ mama ‘dad,’ ˝ and papur ‘uncle,’ while pupu ‘grandpa’ is a possible loan from Bislama.

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