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A Companion to Analytic Philosophy (Blackwell Companions to by Aloysius P. Martinich, David Sosa

By Aloysius P. Martinich, David Sosa

A significant other to Analytic Philosophy is a entire advisor to over forty of the numerous analytic philosophers from the final hundred years.
The entries during this spouse are contributed through modern philosophers, together with essentially the most exclusive now residing, equivalent to Michael Dummett, Frank Jackson, P. M. S. Hacker, Israel Scheffler, John Searle, Ernest Sosa, and Robert Stalnaker. They speak about the arguments of influential figures within the historical past of analytic philosophy, between them Frege, Russell, Moore, Wittgenstein, and Quine. The articles on every one thinker offer transparent and wide research of profound and broadly encountered thoughts similar to that means, fact, wisdom, goodness, and the brain.
This quantity is an important source for an individual drawn to analytic philosophy.

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Extra resources for A Companion to Analytic Philosophy (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

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2) What propositions are expressed by sentences with empty descriptions, such as “The present King of France is bald,” and how is their truth or falsehood determined? Before showing how his new theory can solve these puzzles, Russell explains why he rejects the view that one should account for these puzzles by distinguishing between the “meaning” and the “denotation” of a description. He specifically mentions Frege in connection with this view and it is natural to think of him as arguing here against Frege’s theory of Sinn and Bedeutung which was of course precisely introduced to handle the first of Russell’s puzzles and seems well suited to handle the second (see FREGE).

He specifically mentions Frege in connection with this view and it is natural to think of him as arguing here against Frege’s theory of Sinn and Bedeutung which was of course precisely introduced to handle the first of Russell’s puzzles and seems well suited to handle the second (see FREGE). Russell’s argument in “On Denoting” against the “Fregean” position is notoriously obscure. His conclusion is that there is an “inextricable tangle” in the account this position offers of the relation between the meaning and the denotation of a description 30 BERTRAND RUSSELL (Papers, 4: 422); but in truth it is Russell’s own discussion which certainly appears to be an inextricable tangle.

It has got to be something that has some peculiar quality, which I do not know how to define, that belongs to logical propositions and not to others. (Papers, 8: 211) Modern set theories are based on the work of Zermelo and Von Neumann and avoid the problems that arise for Russell and Whitehead by sweeping away type distinctions. This implies that there is nothing ill-formed about the condition of self-membership, but Russell’s paradox is avoided by denying that any well-formed condition (or propositional function, as Russell would call it) determines a set.

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